Haiti timeline of events 2010-2021
Haiti has experienced a number of disasters in the last decade that have caused significant health, environmental, and economic damage to the country and its people. Here are some of the key events.
- In 2010, Haiti was struck by an earthquake of magnitude 7.0, killing over 300,000 people and injuring over 1.5 million people. After our immediate response providing food and hygiene kits, ActionAid set about training women as first responders for future emergencies.
- In 2016, Hurricane Matthew hit the southeast of Haiti in October 2016, killing over 500 people and displacing over 99,000 families. ActionAid provided first response kits, solar lamps, and psychosocial support to those affected.
- In 2018, Haiti witnessed popular uprisings after the announcement of an increase in fuel prices, corruption scandals, and socio-political and economic instability
- In 2021, Haiti was struck by another earthquake larger than the earthquake in 2010. The death toll is over 2,000 currently and rising and over 50,000 houses have been damaged so far. We are on the frontline providing blankets, household items, and cash support.
Why we work in Haiti
The Republic of Haiti is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, which also contains the Dominican Republic. In 1804, following a slave revolt, Haiti became the first country in the Caribean and Latin America to end colonial rule.
Chronic instability, dictatorships and disasters in recent decades have left Haiti the poorest country in the Americas. One in two people is undernourished and over half the population live on less than $1 a day – the international poverty line.
An earthquake in 2010 killed more than 300,000 people and caused extensive damage to infrastructure and the economy. Widespread deforestation in Haiti has exacerbated the risk of floods and droughts, which have become more frequent and violent as a result of climate change.
Domestic abuse and other forms of violence against women are common in Haiti. Women in Haiti face higher rates of unemployment, are more likely to have poor health, and are less likely to own land or hold political of office than men. However, in 2015 Haiti’s parliament passed an amendment to ensure that at least 30% of all political representatives are women.
Coronavirus in Haiti
ActionAid’s wide-ranging emergency response to the pandemic in Haiti has supported more than 630,000 people as of April 2021.
This has included the distribution of food packages, PPE items and hygiene kits to thousands of people, and raising awareness about the spread of the virus through thousands more door-to-door visits in collaboration with health authorities and partners. 38 women leaders have been trained to lead these activities, and are helping to raise awareness and prevent gender-based violence locally.
As a country with high levels of poverty and fragile healthcare systems, we urgently need to reach more vulnerable communities in Haiti.
Please donate now to support our coronavirus appeal.
What we do in Haiti
Responding to and building resilience to disasters
Our local staff provided immediate humanitarian relief during Hurricane Matthew in 2016 and the earthquakes of 2010, and the Gustav, Hanna and Ike hurricanes back in 2008. We provide long-term support to help rebuild communities and strengthen their resilience to future disasters.
Local women were and remain in the driving seat, advising on what their communities need and overseeing the distribution of aid to ensure fairness and transparency.
We provided immediate support such as food, water, sanitation and shelter as well as long-term psychosocial support for communities to help them recover.
Fighting for women’s rights
Women and girls are at the heart of everything we do. We believe that supporting women and girls to lead their communities out of poverty is the most effective way of changing lives for good.
That’s why we run women’s groups in Haiti to train women in skills such as women’s rights, conflict resolution, negotiation and running a business.
By empowering groups of women to start their own businesses, they can become less financially dependent on their husbands and afford to send their children to school.
ActionAid’s legal assistance service provides advice and support to survivors of abuse.
In Haiti, many families don’t have enough to eat. We train women to grow and sell food, own land and withstand the devastating effects of climate change.
In Roseaux region, we teach women fruit and nut processing and conserving skills so they can sell their product for a greater price. ActionAid also supports communities to set up local grinding mills to make it easier and cheaper for local people to make their own our and porridge, rather than relying on overpriced imported foods.
Our savings and loans schemes are also helping struggling farmers to make ends meet. As well as training farmers to diversify and irrigate their crops, communities also receive goats and veterinary training to support healthy herds of livestock.
The El Niño weather phenomenon has made farmers especially vulnerable to food shortages. We’re helping communities to combat drought by providing materials for a rainwater distribution system. This rainwater can also be filtered – in Roseaux region one such system is providing clean drinking water for over 1,200 people.
Supporting women to lead during emergencies
Nadège is a woman leader running one of ActionAid's community centres. She believes that women should take leadership roles during emergencies, as it can help prevent violence against women and stop women being side-lined in the distribution of emergency supplies.
During ActionAid's response to Hurricane Matthew she helped with distributions, while also training young people to be deployed where their help was needed.Learn more about our emergency response to Hurricane Matthew
Tackling violence against women
"Before, every man beat his wife. It was normal. But now - nobody." Johanne Moïse, 28, is a leader of woman's group supported by ActionAid, through our local partner.
In the last ten years she has led multiple training sessions on women's rights with men and women, as well as sustainable agriculture and business skills, with incredible results.
Johanne said: "We have a programme called 'Solidarité'. So if one member of the group has a problem, it is a shared problem, and we all help to solve it.
"We realised that we needed to train men first to understand why training for the women is so important. We tell them that women are the engine of life; that we do not deserve violence. Now they really understand and they stand by their wives to support our programme.
"We are so proud. We made this happen. To convince the men was so difficult. But we changed the way they see us. ActionAid and KPGA (ActionAid's local partner) have been a lifeline for us."Read more about ending violence against women
Supporting women cooperatives
Jacqueline is a member of an ActionAid-supported cooperative in the Central Plateau region of Haiti.
Together the women grow and process agricultural produce into products they can sell on the local market, including peanut butter and cassava cakes.
Actionaid works with the cooperative to help women increase their income-earning options and develop economic independence.Donate to support our work
Top image: Yayanne standing in front of houses destroyed by Hurricane Matthew in her community in Haiti. Yayanne works for one of ActionAid's local partner organisations and coordinated distributions of emergency supplies. Dylan Roberts/FreeSociety/ActionAid
Page updated 18 November 2021