Coronavirus pandemic 2020-2022
What is Covid-19?
Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people infected with the virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The Covid-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes.9
How is the pandemic affecting women and girls?
As is the case in almost all disasters and emergency situations, women have been hardest hit by the pandemic.
Often being the primary caregivers for children, the sick and the elderly, they are most likely to be exposed to the virus.
They are also more likely to work in insecure, informal jobs – the first to be cut in a crisis.
Meanwhile, the pandemic has unleashed a surge in violence against women and girls across the world, made worse by being locked down or quarantined at home, with little or no access to life-saving services and support networks.
Due to the closure of schools, girls have been put at greater risk of experiencing violence at home – even leading to increases in teenage pregnancies.
ActionAid’s response to the pandemic so far
In April 2020, ActionAid declared an emergency response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Our global response aimed to support close to 15 million people across 40 countries, particularly women and girls and marginalised groups.
Our priorities have been the prevention and containment of Covid-19; protection of women and girls; and providing urgent aid including food and water.
As in all emergencies, we have put into action our women-led, localised response to the pandemic: promoting women's leadership, ensuring women are empowered to make decisions about the needs of their community, and amplifying the voices and representation of women in humanitarian decision-making spaces.
As of March 2022, we have responded to the Covid-19 pandemic in 40 countries across Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe and the Middle East.
We have reached over 25 million people with our life-saving support: delivering food supplies, distributing essentials like soap and water, funding women’s shelters and combating the spread of misinformation with awareness-raising projects like local radio broadcasts.
- 4,002,986 people reached with food support, including food parcels
- 2,630,377 people reached with WASH/hygiene support
- 52,879 people who received cash support.
What you can do to help
We urgently need your help to reach people affected by coronavirus in vulnerable communities, including in countries facing the Omicron variant of coronavirus.
If you donate £30 you could help provide six families with enough soap for a month, helping them protect against themselves against Covid-19, as it mutates and spreads further. Please donate today.
What to do if you think you have coronavirus
If you are in the UK, and you or anyone you know may have the coronavirus, there are services that can help.
NHS advice about coronavirus
The National Health Service (NHS) provides advice about coronavirus (COVID-19), including what to do if you think you have it and how to reduce your chances of getting it.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
If you have symptoms of coronavirus (a high temperature or a new, continuous cough), use the 111 coronavirus service.
What are the number of coronavirus cases and risk in the UK?
The current situation is ever-evolving but you can find the latest information on the UK government's website.
Top photo: ActionAid staff members in Nepal are working in their communities delivering quarantine kits containing soap, sanitiser, thermometer and mask. Credit: Sabin Shrestha/ActionAid
Page updated 23 May 2022